怎么提升你的说唱歌词押韵的词汇量

作者:中文rap 2017-01-03

【HMC独家翻译】《The Rappers Handbook》中文版 第二部分 提升你的押韵-词汇 【英文原版PDF电子书下载地址】http://pan.baidu.com/s/1mg5E7Ug 【翻译申明】 《T...

  【HMC独家翻译】《The Rapper's Handbook》中文版 第二部分 提升你的押韵-词汇

  【英文原版PDF电子书下载地址】http://pan.baidu.com/s/1mg5E7Ug

  【翻译申明】

  《The Rapper's Handbook(说唱歌手手册)》中文版享有中华人民共和国相关著作权与美利坚合众国知识产权法,所有中英文资料仅供个人学习使用,除权利人书面同意外,任何人不得印刷出版,或做任何形式之盗版、寄存及注册,或部分﹑全部中英文资料存放。敬告各位切勿以身试法!

  【转载申明】

  凡在标题注明【HMC独家翻译】字样的图片或文字内容均属于Hip-Hop Music Club专稿,如需转载文字请注明来源【HMC独家翻译】,否则Hip-Hop Music Club将依据《信息网络传播权保护条例》维护网络知识产权。

  翻译:百合子(中国-广东) 审核/校译:斯科夫(中国-上海)

  【中文翻译】

  第二部分 提升你的押韵

  词汇

  [小贴士]

  “这一切从写作开始。就像当我在学校的时候,我坐在一间真的很大的英语课教室里,只有词汇与我结伴。你知道我在说什么吗?我从来没有对英语真正怠慢过,我喜欢这门课。每当开始上英文课,我绝不会真正怠慢它。但我恨透了其他课。你懂我意思吗?”

  - Skillz

  如果把作词人比作一位画家,那么词汇就是他的颜料。没有单词,一个说唱歌手就和哑剧小丑没有什么不同:那他只剩下他的左手在摆手势了。每个人脑里都有两个词汇表:一个汇集的是他们知道该如何正确使用的单词,另一个则汇集了他们知道意思但不不一定可以使用的单词。

  作为一位MC,你的任务就是尽最大可能去扩充你知道如何正确使用的词汇。科学家表示,美国成年人的平均词汇量大概在10000到20000个单词。但我发誓,一些说唱歌手只使用了其中的500个来说唱。拥有大量的词汇会让你有能力更容易地顺着主题写词,也能让你更容易地写出隐喻、双关语、中间韵和多重押韵。这不仅仅是那些被称作“conscious(意识到的)”的说唱歌手要做的,对Battle型的说唱歌手来说同样重要(这是决定性的),也适用于所有的大牌。 就像Bun B在“Big Pimpin’”里说的:

  Pick up a book, you illiterate son of a b*tch,and step up your vocab!

  (拿起书本,你这该死的文盲!快提升你的词汇量!)

  我如何提高我的词汇量?

  有很多方法可以提高你的词汇量。阅读是至关重要的。你读的越多,你就会越可以接触新的词汇,并使用在一定的环境中。当你遇到一个词汇的单词时,把它记下或者马上去查阅它的含义。如果你用电脑的话,使用在线词典(如Dictionary.com)是一个非常快速找到新单词含义的方法。我还知道一些MC无论走到哪里,口袋里都会揣着一本词典,所以每当他们遇到一个新单词时,他们会准备学习这个单词。

  因为这是这本书的词汇部分,并且我们是Flocabulary,如果我们没有提到我们的作品,我们就怠慢了这个教学。于是我们召集了一些MC,一同创作了一张定义了500个SAT词汇的Hip-Hop专辑,共有12首歌。这个想法源于我的高中生涯:我发现我可以很容易地记住数十种说唱歌曲中的歌词,但很难让我记住“obstinate(固执)”这个词是什么意思。于是我们创建了Flocabulary,推出了我们的第一本书,并附送了CD,名字叫做《Flocabulary》:这是Hip-Hop SAT-Level词汇的构建方法。你可以登录Flocabulary.com或在你当地书店里都能获得它。

  我们认为这是学习词汇中的单词最好的方法,因为所有的单词都被定义到他们自己的歌曲中。记住一首歌,你就会记住50个单词的含义。

  [歌曲例子]

  Pop, crackle, snap like an elastic,

  I rock raps ebulliently, enthusiastically,

  I spit words with eagerness and alacrity,

  sip on my rhymes like a virgin daiquiri,

  I’m glad to be me, I’m elated, exultant,

  the sovereign of the land,

  I rule it like the sultan

  - Emcee Escher, “Pop, Crackle and Snap”

  我如何在我的押韵中使用词汇?

  说出正确的单词来配合你的Flow比只是说出真正大量的单词更重要。有一个巨大的词汇量会让你更容易发现正确的单词。这里有一些建议,告诉你应该做什么和避免什么。

  有时说出经常用的单词

  当你不想自己的歌听起来像你随机引用字典一样,使用一个临时性的经常用的单词会让你的Verse增色不少。我们来看看这个来自Andre(3000)在“Wheelz of Steel”中的例子:

  We don’t sell dope that you distribute,

  we don’t contribute to your clandestine activity,

  my soliloquy may be hard for some to swallow

  这充分使用了词汇。用这些单词表达出了歌词上下文的意义(“clandestine(秘密的)”意味着卑鄙的或者阴暗的,“soliloquy(自言自语)”指的是一个人的演讲,通常用在剧本里)。 “soliloquy” 也和“activity”形成了中间韵。“clandestine”与“contribute”的使用增加了一些头韵,“soliloquy”也与 “some”和“swallow”增加了头韵。总的来说,他使用了两个经常用的单词,在某种程度上不仅赋予歌词很多意义,并且可以肯定的是他提升了这段Verse的质量。

  如果你不知道它,不要使用它

  只是因为你认为你熟悉一个常用的单词,并不意味着你应该随机使用它。对于一些新手MC来说这是一个大问题,上文提到过,他们知道的词汇远大于他们真正懂得使用的词汇。千万别为了押韵去使用一些意义不通的单词,像这样:

  I’d like to live on the moon, fly in space ships,

  always be by myself like it’s loquacious

  这个单词“loquacious”的意思是健谈的或者是多嘴的,所以用在这个歌词中没有任何意义。 虽然它与“space ships”组成了一个有趣的不工整韵,但这样的做法只会让这个Bar的内容减损意义。要避免使用你真的不知道它含义的词汇。

  当Mike Tyson(拳王泰森)出现在Canibus的歌曲“2nd Round Knockout” (这是LL Cool J的Diss)中,这位伟大的拳击手有谈论过Canibus应该怎么做。他说,“这是你的名字,Canibus,你的整个目标就是去把其他MC当做午餐、晚餐……”我敢肯定的是Mike Tyson把Canibus和cannibals(食人族)混淆了。所以千万别像拳王泰森那样闹笑话。

  使用中等长度词汇

  你的词汇量并不只是你记住的那些STA词汇表上的单词,而是你知道的所有单词。当你开始说唱,你可能会发现自己总会用一堆单音节的词汇去写很多的Lines。这是一个很好的开始,甚至资深的说唱歌手们也经常会用单音节和双音节的单词来雕刻他们的歌词。

  只要确保你不会老是这样做。一两个音节的单词虽然很好编排Flow和容易说出口,但是他们可以用来表达的只有这么多了。当你真的想要讲述一个故事,或者创作一些与政治相关的内容,或者Battle,你需要使用一些中等长度的词汇。

  [歌曲例子]

  Its a new era in rap get use to it

  Kay Slay told me just do how you do it

  he said Pap If they spit fire then you fluid

  - Papoose, “That’s A Good Look”

  A top-notch scholar with honors I’m so gifted

  live as the most vicious, honest and prolific

  - Papoose, “The Beast”

  这两个歌曲例子是两段Verse节选,来自同一个地下MC,名字叫做Papoose。注意在两段Verse节选之间单词长度的不同之处,第一首他使用了许多短词来编排Flow。除了“era”和“fluid”是两个音节,其他的单词在这些Bar里都是单音节的。虽然这几个Bar不差,但我更喜欢第二段。

  在第二段Verse,这是他在Talib Kweli的歌里献声的一段,Papoose使用了一个你可能不懂其含义的单词(“prolific”表示创作大量的艺术作品),通常他也广泛地使用了中等长度的词汇,并且用得很好。那些词语 (“top-notch, scholar, honors, gifted, vicious, honest, prolific”)并不混淆,它们增加了他的歌词深度与清晰的内容。另外,他使用了一些令人惊异的中间韵。为了证明他是个火力十足的MC,Papoose在Kweli的歌中抢了他的风头,而在下一个例子中,你就会明白这一点都不简单。

  在Battle中运用

  有时候,Battle是让你使用一些常用单词的很棒的地方,因为Battle里的原创性是非常珍贵的。如果你只使用“gun, bust, blast, shoot, dead”等等这些词汇,你很难创作出一个真正富有创造力的Punchline。但如果你用了一个大多数说唱歌手不使用的单词,你就更容易地想出一个富有原创性的Punchline了。

  再强调一次,不要滥用好词,不要做把词典翻到第427页然后开始把词语抄进你的歌词中那样愚蠢的事。但当你用对了这种技术,你的Punchline就会有很大的杀伤力,并且可以让观众们狂热起来。看看这个来自Talib Kweli的令人惊讶的例子:

  [歌曲例子]

  You stoppin’ us is preposterous like an

  androgynous misogynist,

  You pickin’ the wrong time,

  steppin’ to me when I’m in my Prime

  like Optimus, Transforming…

  - Talib Kweli, “Hater Players”

  我第一次听到这些Bar,就感觉耳朵里听到的是一堆“Bananas”这样的发音,我根本不知道他在说什么。但当我听了几遍之后,我终于意识到这两个Bar是惊人的。在这两个Bar中,Kweli用了包含双关语的暗喻 (Optimus

  Prime是老动画片《变形金刚》里的队长擎天柱), 一个经典的“you [doing something] is like[something unlikely](你[做某事]就像[有可能])”的Punchline,并且充满了狂野的词汇。

  如果你不知道他用词的含义,那他的Punchline没有任何意义(“preposterous”代表没意义的或者荒谬的, “androgynous”代表雌雄同体的,还有“misogynist”代表女性歧视者)。Kweli基本上是在说:“you stopping us is meaningless like a woman hater who is part woman(你想阻挡我们简直是没有意义的,就像一个雌雄同体人歧视女性一样)”。

  你当然不可能总是说出这样牛逼的Lines,但在Battle中说出一些独特的、有创造性的Punchline一直是个很聪明的做法,而词汇量可以帮助你。

  [练习这个]

  打开Flocabulary.com/wordlist,然后挑选一些经常用到的词汇中的单词。确保你理解它们的含义,然后把它们写入你的Lines里面。试着让你的Lines内容连贯。

  【英语原文】

  Part Two - Elevating Your Rhymes

  Vocabulary

  [droppin’ knowledge]

  “It all started from writing. Like, when I was in school, I was real big in my English class, just with vocabulary, you know what I’m saying? I was never really lazy in English. I loved that class. I was never really lazy when it came to English.Everything else I hated, you know what I mean?”

  - Skillz

  If a lyricist is a painter, then vocabulary is his paint.Without words, a rapper is no different than a mime:all he’s got left are his hand gestures. Everyone has two vocabularies: a bank of words that they feel comfortable using, and a bank of words that they know the meanings of, but can’t necessarily use.

  As an emcee, it’s your job to get your vocabulary of words you feel comfortable using to be as big as possible. Scientists say that in America the average adult vocabulary is between 10,000 – 20,000 words.The way some rapper’s spit, I swear they’re only using 500. Having a big vocabulary will allow you to write on topic more easily, and will make it easier to write metaphors, wordplay, in-rhymes and multies. And that’s not just for the so-called ‘conscious’ rappers out there. That’s true for battle rappers (definitively), and it’s true for all the big ballas. It’s like Bun B says on“Big Pimpin’”:

  Pick up a book, you illiterate son of a b*tch,and step up your vocab!

  How Do I Improve My Vocabulary?

  There are lots of ways to improve your vocabulary.Reading is crucial. The more you read, the more you come in contact with new vocabulary words being used in context. When you come across a vocabulary word,either write it down or look it up straight away. If you’re by a computer, using an online dictionary (like Dictionary.com) is a very fast way to find the meaning.I’ve also known emcees who carry pocket dictionaries with them everywhere they go, so whenever they come across a word, they’re ready to learn it.

  As this is the vocab section of the book and we are Flocabulary, we’d be remiss if we didn’t mention our own product. We got some emcees together and created a hip-hop album that defines 500 SAT vocabulary words on 12 tracks. The idea for that came to me in high school: I realized that I could easily memorize the lyrics to dozens and dozens of rap songs,but I struggled to remember what the word “obstinate”meant. So we created Flocabulary and came out with our first CD+Book called Flocabulary: The Hip-Hop Approach to SAT-Level Vocabulary Building. You can get it on Flocabulary.com or in your local bookstore.

  We think it’s the best way to learn vocabulary words, since all of the words are defined in the tracks themselves. Memorize one song, and you’ve memorized the meaning of 50 words.

  [Pro Example]

  Pop, crackle, snap like an elastic,

  I rock raps ebulliently, enthusiastically,

  I spit words with eagerness and alacrity,

  sip on my rhymes like a virgin daiquiri,

  I’m glad to be me, I’m elated, exultant,

  the sovereign of the land,

  I rule it like the sultan

  - Emcee Escher, “Pop, Crackle and Snap”

  How Do I Use Vocabulary in My Rhymes?

  More important than just spitting truly enormous words is spitting the correct word to fit your flow.Having a big vocabulary will allow you to find that correct word more easily. Here are a few tips on what to do and what to avoid.

  Spit Big Words Sometimes

  While you don’t want to sound like you’re randomly quoting a dictionary, dropping an occasional big word will add a lot to your verse. Take this example from Andre (3000) on “Wheelz of Steel”:

  We don’t sell dope that you distribute,

  we don’t contribute to your clandestine activity,

  my soliloquy may be hard for some to swallow

  That’s good use of vocabulary. The words make sense in the context of the lyrics (“clandestine” means sneaky or shady, “soliloquy” is a speech given by one person,usually in a play). The use of “soliloquy” adds in-rhyme with “activity.” And the use of “clandestine” adds some alliteration with “contribute,” and “soliloquy” adds alliteration with “some” and “swallow.” Overall, he’s used two big words in a way that makes a lot of sense and definitively adds quality to his verse.

  If You Don’t Know it, Don’t Drop it

  Just because you think you know a big word, doesn’t mean you should use it randomly. A big problem for some beginner emcees is that they try to front like their vocabulary is bigger than it really is by using huge words that they don’t really understand. Don’t use a big word that makes no sense just because it rhymes,like this:

  I’d like to live on the moon, fly in space ships,

  always be by myself like it’s loquacious

  The word loquacious means talkative or chatty, so that rhyme makes no sense. It’s an interesting slant rhyme with “space ships,” but all it does is detract from the meaning of the bars. Avoid using vocabulary that you don’t really know.

  When appeared on the Canibus track

  “2nd Round Knockout” (the LL Cool J diss), the high-pitched boxer talks about what Canibus should do. He says, “that’s your name, Canibus, your whole objective is to eat emcees for lunch, dinner…” I’m pretty sure that Mike Tyson was confusing Canibus with cannibals.So don’t be like Mike Tyson.

  Use Medium-sized Words

  Your vocabulary isn’t just the SAT words you’ve got memorized, it’s all of the words that you know. When you start out rapping, you’ll probably find yourself writing lots of lines that feature 1-sylllable words. It’s a fine place to start, and even veteran rappers often carve whole verses out of single and double-syllable words.

  Just make sure you’re not doing it too much. One and two-syllable words are great for flow and easy to spit,but they can be used to express only so much. When you want to really tell a story, or create something political, or battle, you’re going to need to work in some medium sized words.

  [Pro Examples]

  Its a new era in rap get use to it

  Kay Slay told me just do how you do it

  he said Pap If they spit fire then you fluid

  - Papoose, “That’s A Good Look”

  A top-notch scholar with honors I’m so gifted

  live as the most vicious, honest and prolific

  - Papoose, “The Beast”

  The pro examples are two verses from the same underground emcee, Papoose. Notice the differences in word size between the two verses. In the first he’s using lots of small words to flow. Every single word in those bars is only 1-syllable except “era” and “fluid”,which have two syllables. The bars aren’t bad, but I prefer the second verse.

  In the second verse, which he spit on a Talib Kweli track, Papoose drops one word that you might not know (“prolific” meaning producing a lot of art), but generally he’s just using medium sized words, and using them well. The words (“top-notch, scholar, honors,gifted, vicious, honest, prolific”) aren’t confusing.They add depth and clarity to his lines. Plus, he’s using some amazing in-rhyming. Proving he’s an emcee who spits fire, he out-raps Kweli on his own track, which, as you’ll see in the next example, isn’t easy.

  In Battles

  Battles are great places to drop some big words sometimes, because originality is so prized. It’s hard to create a truly innovative punch using only the words“gun, bust, blast, shoot, dead,” etc… It’s much easier to create something original if you’re using a word that most rappers don’t use.

  Again, be sure not to over do it. Don’t just flip the dictionary open to page 427 and start copying words into your verse. But when this technique is done right,the punches can hit hard, and it can have the crowd going wild. Take this amazing example from Talib Kweli.

  [Pro Example]

  You stoppin’ us is preposterous like an

  androgynous misogynist,

  You pickin’ the wrong time,

  steppin’ to me when I’m in my Prime

  like Optimus, Transforming…

  - Talib Kweli, “Hater Players”

  The first time I heard those bars, it was just like bananas in my ears. I had no idea what he was talking about. It was only after I listened a few times, that I realized how amazing those two bars are. In those two bars, Kweli drops a metaphor with wordplay (Optimus Prime was the leader of the Transformers on the old TV cartoon), a classic “you [doing something] is like[something unlikely]” punchline, and fills it with some wild vocabulary.

  His punchline doesn’t make any sense until you know what the words mean (“preposterous” means meaningless or absurd, “androgynous” means both male and female, and a “misogynist” is a woman hater). Kweli is basically saying, “you stopping us is meaningless like a woman hater who is part woman.”

  You definitely can’t spit lines like that all of the time,but it’s always smart in a battle to come with some unique, creative punchlines, and vocabulary can help you.

  [Practice This]

  Go to Flocabulary.com/wordlist and pick some big vocabulary words. Make sure you understand their definitions, then write them into some lines. Try to make it feel organic.

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