【说唱歌手手册】《第二部分 提升你的押韵-组合韵》(中英文对照

作者:中文rap 2016-12-15

【HMC独家翻译】《The Rappers Handbook》中文版 第二部分 提升你的押韵-组合韵 【英文原版PDF电子书下载地址】http://pan.baidu.com/s/1mg5E7Ug 【翻译申明】 ...

  

 

  【HMC独家翻译】《The Rapper's Handbook》中文版 第二部分 提升你的押韵-组合韵

  【英文原版PDF电子书下载地址】http://pan.baidu.com/s/1mg5E7Ug

  【翻译申明】

  《The Rapper's Handbook(说唱歌手手册)》中文版享有中华人民共和国相关著作权与美利坚合众国知识产权法,所有中英文资料仅供个人学习使用,除权利人书面同意外,任何人不得印刷出版,或做任何形式之盗版、寄存及注册,或部分﹑全部中英文资料存放。敬告各位切勿以身试法!

  【转载申明】

  凡在标题注明【HMC独家翻译】字样的图片或文字内容均属于Hip-Hop Music Club专稿,如需转载文字请注明来源【HMC独家翻译】,否则Hip-Hop Music Club将依据《信息网络传播权保护条例》维护网络知识产权。

  翻译:向星星(中国-湖南) 审核/校译:斯科夫(中国-上海)

  【中文翻译】

  第二部分 提升你的押韵

  组合韵

  [小贴士]

  “写作对你的歌曲作品多层次的创作方法是十分重要的。不是每个人都能抓住头韵、双关语、多音节格律、中间韵等的细微差别……但如果当他们抓住一件事物,然后能理解它并能享受其间使其有意义时,[你]已经成功了。”

  —Sage Francis

  组合韵在说唱的Verse(或诗歌)中是指与其他单词或小段发生联系的押韵。在一个简单的Verse中,押韵只会在句末出现。在英文课上,当分析诗歌时,我们便会写下这样的组合韵:

  Rats in the front room, roaches in the back,(A)

  junkies in the alley with the baseball bat, (A)

  I tried to get away, but I couldn’t get far,(B)

  cuz the man with the tow truck repossessed my car(B)

  这一小段来自1982年的《The Message》,作者是Grandmaster Flash和Furious Five。Flow是由一位重要的MC,名字叫做“Melle Mel”的(我们在谈论Flow的章节中详细讨论过)来完成。这些小段尽可能地展示了最基本的组合韵,其中没有中间韵和多音节押韵。所有的韵押非常到位的接近第二个军鼓的敲击,4拍一个Bar,音乐家们称之为4/4拍。

  当歌词很简单时,写这样(AABB)形式的组合韵十分容易,但说唱歌手开始陷入中间韵时,便不容易了。

  [组合韵乐谱]

  在这本书中使用的方法是以相同格式的规范韵脚以强调押韵的一致。所以一些押韵的单词为黑体,一些为斜体,一些加有下划线,一些黑体加粗,一些黑体加下划线,等等(译者提醒:由于文本格式限制,复制的原文歌词并没有标注,可以通过下载原版PDF电子书查看原文)。这里有一个例子,来自Dead Prez的《Hell Yeah》:

  Better plot for the paper,

  we been living in the dark since April,

  on the candle gotta get a handle,

  my homie got a 25 automatic added to the camper

  Ni**a get the phone book

  look up in the yellow page,

  let me tell you how we fin to get paid

  当一个Verse较为复杂时,我们无法使用老旧的ABAB组合韵乐谱时,使用我们自己的乐谱,你可以轻易地发现韵脚如何在句子中写下,还有说唱歌手使用中间韵和多重押韵的频率。这将是我们贯穿整本书的系统规范。

  最基本的组合韵来自《The Massage》,可以作为你开始创作说唱歌词和Freestyle的一个很好的例子。当每行仅有一个韵脚的单词且其出现在句末时,便能开拓你的思维去精心构思一些高质量又有意义的段落。而当你在Freestyle的时候,说出有意义的小段,会比说出那些听上去不错但空洞无物的句子更好。

  当你向“成为一位创作人和一个即兴说唱歌手”的道路前进时,你会想要摆脱简单的韵脚和组合。中间韵和多重押韵(接下来的部分会提及)便是在你的押韵中引入变化的绝佳方式。当然,你也可以仅仅依靠变更押韵组合来调和你的韵脚。在前面提及的Dead Prez的例子中,说唱歌手Sticman自始至终都在变更他的韵脚,以至于你无从得知他下一个韵脚是什么。

  跳出固有的思维模式,我们的思维不应束缚于条条框框中。并非每个小段都需要押韵,别害怕去打破“四词押韵”的常规。

  【英语原文】

  Part Two - Elevating Your Rhymes

  Rhyme Scheme

  [droppin’ knowledge]

  “It is important to write in a way that has your song working on multiple levels.Not everybody can catch the nuances of alliteration, word play, multi-syllabic rhyme schemes, internal rhyme, etc…but if they catch one thing and they can make sense of it and enjoy it then [you] have succeeded.”– Sage Francis

  The rhyme scheme in a rap verse (or in a poem) is where the rhymes fall in relation to other words or lines. In a simple verse, the rhymes will fall only at the end of each line. In English class, when analyzing poetry, the rhyme scheme would be written out like this:

  Rats in the front room, roaches in the back,(A)

  junkies in the alley with the baseball bat, (A)

  I tried to get away, but I couldn’t get far,(B)

  cuz the man with the tow truck repossessed my car(B)

  These lines are from the 1982’s “The Message” by Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five. The flow is by the lead emcee, Melle Mel (who we’ll discuss in more detail in the chapter on flow). These lines show off the most basic rhyme scheme possible. There are no internal rhymes and there is no multi-syllabic rhyming.All of the rhymes fall right on or near the second snare kick, the 4th beat of the bar, which musicians call the four.

  Mapping the rhyme scheme out like that (AABB)works fine when the lyrics are simple, but not when the rapper’s start dropping internal rhymes.

  [Rhyme Scheme Notation]

  The method used in this book is to highlight matching rhymes by formatting them the same way. So some rhyming words are bold, some italicized, some underlined, some bold-italicized, some underlined-bold, etc… Here’s an example from Dead Prez’s “Hell Yeah”:

  Better plot for the paper,

  we been living in the dark since April,

  on the candle gotta get a handle,

  my homie got a 25 automatic added to the camper

  Ni**a get the phone book

  look up in the yellow page,

  let me tell you how we fin to get paid

  With a verse that complex, there’s no way we can use the old ABAB rhyme scheme notation. Using our notation, you can easily see where the rhymes fall in the lines, and how often the rapper is using in-rhymes and multies. This will be the system we use throughout the book.

  The very basic rhyme scheme from “The Message” is a fine place to start as you beginning writing raps and freestyling. By having only one rhyming word per line and placing it at the end of the line, it will free your mind up to craft some quality lines that make sense.When you’re freestyling, it’s always better to spit lines that make sense than to spit lines that sound good but don’t mean anything.

  As you progress as a writer and a freestyler, you’re going to want to get away from simple rhymes and a simple scheme. In-rhymes and multies (discussed later) are great ways to introduce variation into your rhymes.But you can also mix up your rhymes just by altering the rhyme scheme. In the Dead Prez example above,the rapper Sticman varies his rhymes throughout, so that you never know when the next rhyme sound is going to come at you.

  Think outside the box. Not every single line has to rhyme. Don’t be afraid to break out of the standard“rhyme-word-on-4” mold.

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