说唱教程《第二部分提升你的押韵-不工整韵》(中英文对照)

作者:中文rap 2016-12-06

【HMC独家翻译】《The Rappers Handbook》中文版 第二部分 提升你的押韵-不工整韵 【英文原版PDF电子书下载地址】http://pan.baidu.com/s/1mg5E7Ug 【翻译申明】...

  

 

  【HMC独家翻译】《The Rapper's Handbook》中文版 第二部分 提升你的押韵-不工整韵

  【英文原版PDF电子书下载地址】http://pan.baidu.com/s/1mg5E7Ug

  【翻译申明】

  《The Rapper's Handbook(说唱歌手手册)》中文版享有中华人民共和国相关著作权与美利坚合众国知识产权法,所有中英文资料仅供个人学习使用,除权利人书面同意外,任何人不得印刷出版,或做任何形式之盗版、寄存及注册,或部分﹑全部中英文资料存放。敬告各位切勿以身试法!

  【转载申明】

  凡在标题注明【HMC独家翻译】字样的图片或文字内容均属于Hip-Hop Music Club专稿,如需转载文字请注明来源【HMC独家翻译】,否则Hip-Hop Music Club将依据《信息网络传播权保护条例》维护网络知识产权。

  翻译:向星星(中国-湖南) 审核/校译:斯科夫(中国-上海)

  【中文翻译】

  第二部分 提升你的押韵

  不工整韵

  [小贴士]

  “这个东西叫做押韵,它和开采煤矿没什么区别,我们都是分配任务去发掘钻石。”

  —Mos Def, Travellin Man

  押韵是说唱的基础,一个MC就像是一个用押韵单词的画家,带着Flow的诗人。这听起来可能明显一些,但有一个最好的方法可以让你通过选择更好的押韵单词让你成为一位优秀的MC。一切就像Rakim在 《I Know You Got Soul(我知道你获得了灵魂)》中说的一样:

  I start to think and then I sink

  into the paper like I was ink,

  when I’m writing I’m trapped in between the line,

  I escape when I finish the rhyme

  (我开始思考并沉浸在纸上,如同墨水一样,)

  (当我书写时我陷入字里行间,)

  (而直到完成了押韵,我才能逃离。)

  重读一次,此文最妙之处便是简明扼要的说明了如何能成为一名Rapper。你需要铭记于心,让自己沉浸于纸张之上,当你在使用单词的时候,而他们却像把你关入监狱一样对待你,除非你能用押韵征服他们。让MC能自由的控制他们说唱的,是押韵,让MC摇动他们麦克风在人群中跳跃的,是押韵,可以让你形成自己的Flow基础,是押韵。

  如同Rakim所说,诚然,我们不是在讨论《Hickory Dickory Dock(滴答滴答钟声响)》。(译者注:儿歌名)在说唱中,并非必须在歌词的末尾押韵。押韵的单词并不需要一定的顺序和长度,事实上,一些广为人知的Hip-Hop音乐中的押韵并非都是工整韵,这被称为不工整韵。

  [不工整韵vs工整韵]

  这里是一些来自《美国传统字典》中的定义:

  工整韵(名词):在句末重读元音上押韵,且其后的辅音或音节一致,而之前的辅音不同。

  这些便是大多数人提及押韵时所想到的工整韵,例子有:cat,hat,bat;cake,bake,fake。但工整韵的单词也不必以同一方式拼写,也可以取决于读音,例如:great, late,height, fight,bought, knot,这些也都是工整韵。而这些单词还可以不必有同样的长度,例如:rider, beside her,dutiful, unbeautiful,这些同样也都是工整韵。

  工整韵在很多情形下会获得很好的效果,但是Hip-Hop的革新者(以及在此之前的诗人们)发现这种形式太受限制,说唱歌手们因此开始使用不工整韵去使他们更自由地表达自我的观点。

  以下便是AHD(译者注:《美国传统词典》的缩写)中对不工整韵的定义:

  不工整韵(名词):局部或不全面的押韵,通常使用谐音或和音。也被称作半韵,近似韵,模糊韵以及离韵。

  你可以认为不工整韵是一种“近似的押韵”。例如:heat, heart; cow, no; dry, died; love, fluff。不工整韵是一些听起来相似的单词,但却并非真正的押韵。

  引用Rakim早期的歌词,他用“line”押“rhyme”的韵,这些单词事实上并不押韵,“Rhyme”与“time,dime,mine,I’m,crime”押韵;“Line”与“mine,pine,whine,tine”押韵。但是这两个单词听起来很接近押韵,所以Rakim使用它们来“finish the line(完成一小节歌词)”。

  [当必须使用不工整韵时]

  什么时候该使用不工整韵呢?答案是任何时候。但以下情况出现时则没有选择,必须使用不工整韵。

  1.这个单词没有工整韵

  有许多英文单词是没有工整韵的,例如:silver, purple, month,angst, sixth, breadth, ninth, pint, wolf, opus, monster,dangerous, marathon, napkin, hostage, discombobulate以及更多更多的。

  当你在写说唱歌词的时候,如果你想要使不能押韵的词也能押韵,便只能使用不工整韵。Nas在《NY State of Mind(我心中的纽约州)》中便是如此做的,他使用了“dangerous”这个没有工整韵的单词,但他却使歌词十分流畅:

  I got so many rhymes I don’t think I’m too sane,

  Life is parallel to Hell but I must maintain,

  And be prosperous, though we live dangerous,

  Cops could just arrest me, blaming us, we’re held like hostages

  他使用了不工整韵“prosperous, dangerous, blaming us,”以及“hostages”使得他的要点交错分明,而且他的Flow没有因此变差。

  你可以在本书末尾中的附录III中找到不工整韵的单词表。

  2.避免腻烦的押韵

  当你处理老旧的以及没有创意的押韵时,不工整韵便十分重要。例如:你有多少次听到以“college”押“knowledge”的韵?该死的!人们过度使用这些韵脚,如同让人打喷嚏的生意人使用了过量的古龙水一样。为了避免这种情况,我们需要做的便是采用不工整韵。

  Knowledge – mall kids, honest, ballas, taller, Paul Wall did, on it, admonish, cabbage.

  不工整韵的伟大之处是它能帮助你消除开始主持时的陷阱之一:平淡无奇的押韵。如果一名听众能在你说之前就知道你将要说的,这几乎就是一件坏事情。这主要体现了你缺乏创意,你只是重复老旧的押韵。所以你需要使用不工整韵来避免陷入此类陷阱。

  例如:以“funny”或“honey”代替“money”,尝试使用不工整韵:gin rummy, Sunday,dummy, crumbly, Tony, blunt be, hunt me, some tea,plenty.

  [歌曲例子]

  I see no changes

  wake up in the morning and I ask myself,

  is life worth living should I blast myself?

  I’m tired of bein’ poor and even worse I’m black,

  my stomach hurts so I’m lookin’ for a purse to snatch,

  cops give a damn about a negro,

  pull the trigger kill a ni**a he’s a hero

  —Tupac, “Changes”

  一些艺术家成段的使用不工整韵,但因为他们的Flow以及发音的方式,你甚至没有听出来这些单词用的是不工整韵。让我们来看看Tupac关于“Changes”的段落。

  他以“blast”押“ask”的韵,“snatch”押“black”的韵,以及以“hero”押“negro”的韵。这使得他拥有更多的自由去明确他要谈论的中心(他拥有更多的单词去选择),并且使得他的歌词更有革新精神与创造力。

  [练习这个]

  先使用一些非常平淡无奇的押韵单词(“cat, hat,”)写一些Bars,然后用不完整韵替换已经写好的押韵歌词,接着重写这个Verse,看它如何改变你的Verse。

  【英语原文】

  Part Two - Elevating Your Rhymes

  Slant Rhyme

  [droppin’knowledge]

  “This thing called rhyming is no different than coal mining,we both on assignment to unearth the diamond.”- Mos Def, Travellin Man

  The basis of rap is rhyme, and an emcee is just a painter with rhyming words, a poet with flow. It might sound obvious to some, but one of the best ways you can excel as an emcee is by picking better rhyming words. It’s all like Rakim says on “I Know You Got Soul”:

  I start to think and then I sink

  into the paper like I was ink,

  when I’m writing I’m trapped in between the line,

  I escape when I finish the rhyme

  Reread that. That right there is the dopest, most beautiful summary of what it is to be a rapper. You go into your own mind, sink into the paper, you’re using words but they trap you like bars in a jail cell unless you conquer them with rhyme. It’s rhyming that sets the emcee free and gives him control over his raps.It’s rhyming that lets the emcee rock the microphone,and get a crowd jumping. It’s rhyming that forms the foundation of your flow.

  As Rakim demonstrated, however, we’re not talking about “Hickory Dickory Dock.” In rap, not every rhyme has to be at the end of a line. Rhymes don’t have to be in a certain order or a certain word length.In fact, some of the most prevalent types of rhyme in hip-hop don’t rhyme perfectly at all. They’re called slant rhymes.

  [Slant Rhyme vs. Perfect Rhyme]

  Here are some definitions from the American Heritage Dictionary:

  Perfect Rhyme (noun): Rhyme in which the final accented vowel and all succeeding consonants or syllables are identical, while the preceding consonants are different.

  This is what most people think of when they think rhyme. Examples of perfect rhyme are: cat, hat, bat;cake, bake, fake. Perfectly rhyming words don’t have to be spelled the same way; it’s all about sound. For example: great, late; height, fight; bought, knot. Those are all perfect rhymes. And the words don’t have to be the same length either. For example: rider, beside her;dutiful, unbeautiful. Those are all examples of perfectrhyme.

  Perfect rhyme will work fine in a lot of situations. But hip-hop innovators (and poets before them) found it too limiting. Rappers began using slant rhyme to allow them more freedom to express themselves.

  Here is the definition of slant rhyme from the AHD:

  Slant Rhyme (noun): A partial or imperfect rhyme, often using assonance or consonance only. Also called half rhyme, near rhyme, oblique rhyme, and off rhyme.

  You could think of slant rhymes as “almost rhymes.”Examples are: heat, heart; cow, no; dry, died; love, fluff.Slant rhymes are words that sound somewhat similar,but don’t really rhyme.

  In the Rakim line quoted earlier, he rhymes the word“rhyme” with “line.” Those words don’t actually rhyme with each other. “Rhyme” rhymes with “time, dime,mime, I’m, and crime.” “Line” rhymes with “mine, pine,whine, and tine.” But the two words sound remarkably close. So Rakim uses slant rhyme to “finish the line.”

  [When Slant Rhyme is a Must]

  When should you use slant rhyme? Anytime. But there are moments when using slant rhyme isn’t an option; it’s a must.

  1. The word has no perfect rhyme

  There are lots of words in English that don’t have perfect rhymes. Here are a few: silver, purple, month,angst, sixth, breadth, ninth, pint, wolf, opus, monster,dangerous, marathon, napkin, hostage, discombobulate and many, many more.

  As you’re writing raps, if you ever wanted to rhyme with any of those words you couldn’t. Not unless you used slant rhyme. That’s exactly what Nas does in “NY State of Mind.” He uses the word “dangerous,” which has no perfect rhyme, but he makes it flow anyway:

  I got so many rhymes I don’t think I’m too sane,

  Life is parallel to Hell but I must maintain,

  And be prosperous, though we live dangerous,

  Cops could just arrest me, blaming us, we’re held like hostages

  He slants rhymes “prosperous, dangerous, blaming us,” and “hostages,” to get his point across. And his flow doesn’t suffer for it.

  You can find a list of slant rhymes for words with no perfect rhyme in Appendix III at the end of this book.

  2. Avoid Tired Rhymes

  The other time when slant rhyme is really crucial is when you’re dealing with a rhyme that is really stale and played out. For example, how many times have you heard the word “knowledge” rhymed with“college.” Damn! People overuse that rhyme like skeezy businessmen use too much cologne. In order to avoid that, all we need to do is use slant rhyme.

  Knowledge – mall kids, honest, ballas, taller, Paul Wall did, on it, admonish, cabbage.

  The great thing about slant rhyme is that it helps you avoid one of most dangerous pitfalls for beginning emcees: obvious rhymes. If a listener can tell what you’re going to say before you say it, that’s almost always a bad thing. It basically means that you’re not being creative, you’re just repeating tired rhymes. So use slant rhymes to avoid falling into that trap.

  For example, instead of rhyming “money” with “funny”or “honey,” try using slant rhyme: gin rummy, Sunday,dummy, crumbly, Tony, blunt be, hunt me, some tea,plenty.

  [Pro Example]

  I see no changes

  wake up in the morning and I ask myself,

  is life worth living should I blast myself?

  I’m tired of bein’ poor and even worse I’m black,

  my stomach hurts so I’m lookin’ for a purse to snatch,

  cops give a damn about a negro,

  pull the trigger kill a ni**a he’s a hero

  —Tupac, “Changes”

  Some artists use line after line of slant rhyme, but because of their flow and the way they pronounce the words, you don’t even hear the words as being slant rhymes. Take a look at Tupac’s verse on “Changes.”

  He slant rhymes “ask” with “blast,” “black” with“snatch,” and “negro” with “hero.” It allows him more freedom to determine the content of what he’s saying(he has more words to choose from), and it makes his lines innovative and creative.

  [Practice This]

  Write a few bars using some very obvious rhyme words(“cat, hat,”). Then go back and replace the rhyme words with slant rhymes and rewrite the verse. See how it changes your verse.

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